The Langeled Pipeline project, spearheaded by Exxon Mobil, Stat Oil and Royal Dutch Shell, was undertaken to exploit one of the world’s largest reservoirs of natural gas in Norway’s Ormen Lange (in Norse mythology: “Giant Serpent”) field, located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The project included the construction of a new gas terminal at Nyhamna to process the gas coming from Ormen Lange. A consortium now exports natural gas from Nyhamna to Easington on the east coast of England through this state of the art marine pipeline.
The pipeline has a length of 1, 166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year; the price tag came in at 1.7 billion pounds ($2.8 billion). At the time of completion it was longest sub-sea pipeline ever built.
Building the pipeline was an immense technological challenge. The North Sea bed is not a flat bottom but is a treacherous series of channels, trenches, and ridges and it has cyclical plate tectonic events, not to mention a number of existing pipelines. It plunges to depths of 5 km (3.2 miles) making water pressure a significant factor in design and construction. An autonomous underwater vehicle, Hugin, a product of Kongsberg Maritime, was employed to survey the sea bed, using advanced radar to determine the most cost effective route.
With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 25mm (1 inch) thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems.
In order to lay the pipeline a remote-controlled underwater excavating vehicle called the Nexan Spider, capable of moving underwater mountains, prepared the seabed floor. Three million tonnes of rock was brought to areas of the sea floor to level the terrain where needed.
The pipeline was built using 100, 000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete. Two pipe laying ships, including Soltaire, the largest pipe laying ship in the world, laid 8 km (2.5 miles) of pipe a day. Once the pipe was laid, deep water hyperbaric welding teams welded the pipes together from inside an watertight enclosure called Pipeline Repair Habitat.
The project was completed in 2006 after three years of work and both Norway and the UK have benefited enormously from the project; the UK receives about 20% of its natural gas directly from the pipeline.
Michael Cooney, the founder of EngNet, worked as a project engineer for many years sourcing equipment. His passion and experience in the industry led to creating EngNet to connect engineers and industry suppliers. You can also find Michael on Google+.motsatsen till future futurology the world in 2050 future endeavors future pro usa future towards meaning future up the river mp3 download future without violence future generations future name future questions future you don't even know it lyrics future inside future scala future like i never left future drive thru grocery store futurology life future nostalgia tour future value future war future among us updates what future brings us future walk thru lyrics future with glasses futurology uk future atlanta future birthday future weapons future about for whatsapp future as a verb future at oasis wynwood future near rhymes future with sunglasses future energy future about artificial intelligence is top ships going out of business future for kids futurology analysis futurology sociology futurology technology pronunciation for futurology future diary future house future in spanish future java future knight portal future trunks future us future x hoodville future beyond shell future contract fridays for future contra future value of even cash flows future from 8 mile future from st louis future looking into mirror meme future like ours future like movies future near me future on tour distant future opposite of opposite of future date opposite of future crossword future pro flag football future versus battle future within a sentence the future within our grasp xenoblade futurology bedeutung futurology studies limited futurology ologies futurology of art futurology timeline subreddits like futurology future city future goals future plc future quotes rapper future value of annuity future zahir wilburn future as a father between future tense future but not no mo future krazy but true lyrics future tense of despite future for frontliners requirements future of front end development future into meaning future near sentence future over the counter future pro basketball goals till future tense future to be future vision towards 2030s future and lori harvey future vs option image future (via google) g.co/helppay futurology books reddit futurology online course futurology university futurology in the us futurology vinyl futurists future authoring program future diary anime future define future authoring program future engineers future home realty future home of the living god future meaning future of covid future perfect tense future shock future utility platform converse future zahir wilburn future z puma future against violence against future generations against future quotes future around definition future as a girl meme future as an adjective future at computer meme future at oasis before future tense future hand behind head meme future contract là gì future in french future off facebook activity reddit future of outside sales future pro usa since future perfect tense future till i introduced you future till my last breath future spoil her till she a brat lyrics future to present value towards future-proof inland waterway transport future of via rail future with hat future without autotune futurology blog futurology cusd futurology university futurology in the us books about futurology futurists books on futurology future baby girl names 2020 future ford sacramento future fins future learn future progressive future value of money future value equation future you deserve it future against violence future as an adjective future before nostalgia future between future like ours argument future of next-generation sequencing for life sciences future off road vehicles future out the mud lyrics future past meme since future perfect continuous future through numerology spin_until_future_complete within future perfect futurology articles futurology courses data futurology futurology forum futurology language futurology masters futurology nedir reddit darkfuturology futurology topics opposite of futurology sentence with futurology future birthday future boy conan